Gandhi’s actions inspired Martin Luther King Jr. to stand up for the rights of African Americans using peaceful actions instead of violence. One of Kings outstanding accomplishments was the Bus Boycott in 1955....
In 1954, Martin Luther King became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. Always a strong worker for civil rights for members of his race, King was, by this time, a member of the executive committee of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the leading organization of its kind in the nation. He was ready, then, early in December, 1955, to accept the leadership of the first great Negro nonviolent demonstration of contemporary times in the United States, the bus boycott described by Gunnar Jahn in his presentation speech in honor of the laureate. The boycott lasted 382 days. On December 21, 1956, after the Supreme Court of the United States had declared unconstitutional the laws requiring segregation on buses, Negroes and whites rode the buses as equals. During these days of boycott, King was arrested, his home was bombed, he was subjected to personal abuse, but at the same time he emerged as a Negro leader of the first rank.
In 1957 he was elected president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization formed to provide new leadership for the now burgeoning civil rights movement. The ideals for this organization he took from Christianity; its operational techniques from Gandhi. In the eleven-year period between 1957 and 1968, King traveled over six million miles and spoke over twenty-five hundred times, appearing wherever there was injustice, protest, and action; and meanwhile he wrote five books as well as numerous articles. In these years, he led a massive protest in Birmingham, Alabama, that caught the attention of the entire world, providing what he called a coalition of conscience. and inspiring his "Letter from a Birmingham Jail", a manifesto of the Negro revolution; he planned the drives in Alabama for the registration of Negroes as voters; he directed the peaceful march on Washington, D.C., of 250,000 people to whom he delivered his address, "l Have a Dream", he conferred with President John F. Kennedy and campaigned for President Lyndon B. Johnson; he was arrested upwards of twenty times and assaulted at least four times; he was awarded five honorary degrees; was named Man of the Year by magazine in 1963; and became not only the symbolic leader of American blacks but also a world figure.
At the age of thirty-five, Martin Luther King, Jr., was the youngest man to have received the Nobel Peace Prize. When notified of his selection, he announced that he would turn over the prize money of $54,123 to the furtherance of the civil rights movement.
On the evening of April 4, 1968, while standing on the balcony of his motel room in Memphis, Tennessee, where he was to lead a protest march in sympathy with striking garbage workers of that city, he was assassinated.
Martin Luther King, Jr., (January 15, 1929-April 4, 1968) was born Michael Luther King, Jr., but later had his name changed to Martin. His grandfather began the family's long tenure as pastors of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, serving from 1914 to 1931; his father has served from then until the present, and from 1960 until his death Martin Luther acted as co-pastor. Martin Luther attended segregated public schools in Georgia, graduating from high school at the age of fifteen; he received the B. A. degree in 1948 from Morehouse College, a distinguished Negro institution of Atlanta from which both his father and grandfather had graduated. After three years of theological study at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania where he was elected president of a predominantly white senior class, he was awarded the B.D. in 1951. With a fellowship won at Crozer, he enrolled in graduate studies at Boston University, completing his residence for the doctorate in 1953 and receiving the degree in 1955. In Boston he met and married Coretta Scott, a young woman of uncommon intellectual and artistic attainments. Two sons and two daughters were born into the family.
Gandhi and Martin Luther King are alike in so many ways, they were both non-violent leaders and they both stood up for what they believed was right. Although the circumstances and goals might have been a little different, the principle was the same. They never let the criticism of others influence them in a negative way. They both had many followers and supporters. They both gave amazing speeches and influenced the media in a positive way.
To cite this page MLA style: "Martin Luther King Jr
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., was a civil rights leader who followed the philosophy of change through nonviolence, based on the beliefs and methods of Mahatma Gandhi. King promoted resisting racial discrimination through such actions as lunch-counter sit-ins, bus boycotts, and peaceful marches and demonstrations. His objective was to let those who were the violent oppressors show themselves and the world how morally and legally corrupt is the practice of racial injustice. At the time that he delivered this speech in 1966, some people in the civil rights movement were promoting the use of violence as a means to racial equality, but Dr. King believed that violence would give the opposition something to use to rally support against the civil rights movement.
FREE Martin luther king jr. and gandhi Essay
introduction: nehruji speech at indian science congress 1937
nehru vision of planning as application of science.
nehru vision of selfdependent nation can only ensure growth and security.
how it worked for starting years takled about green revolution ,satellite , etc
but then talked about STI POLICY 2013 bring that science has failed to help masses and served classes. then taled about inclusive growth and new policy
vision of inclusive innovation linking science and tech to masses.
talked about msme sector which employs mojaro chunk of population and role of innovation
talked about green + gene revolution for food security.
takled about water security and innovation,
bio toilets (SCHEDULE CASTE)and social justice ,vision of constitution growth with justice .
naxalism ;:uavs , weapons
communalism:scientific temper and social site monitoring
external ecurity: army ,navy ,etc strenthening takled about missile ,etc
but then said not panacea what is needed is good governance.
takled about goodgovernace
but again said no good governance without e governance so agin science and tech
hen went on misuse of sciece talked about us prim prog (HUMAR RIGHT ISSUE)
Quoted kofi annan” withouth growth cannot enjoy sec, withour sec cannot enjo growth, cannot enjoy either without human rights and goodgovernace
then takled about scientific temper of nehru in discovery of india ,wrote a page and narendra dhabolkar murder,
then takled about vivekananda vision of science in modern world,
then albert einstein on spiritual science
gandhi and science
ended with quote of SHAW ON RATIONALITY
"Pilgrimage to Nonviolence" | The Martin Luther King, …
Pacifists generally abhorred the dehumanization of war, promoted conflict resolution and reconciliation, encouraged individual conscientious objection to war, and supported nonviolent social change for justice in the manner of Mohandas Gandhi and Martin Luther King. Jr. Many pacifist and pacifist-leaning groups had long experience in organizing campaigns (founding dates noted): FOR (1915), American Friends Service Committee (AFSC, 1917), WILPF (1919), WRL (1923), Congress on Racial Equality (CORE, 1942), and Central Committee for Conscientious Objectors (CCCO, 1948). Abraham Johannes (A.J.) Muste, a practical pacifist with experience in labor and civil rights movements, played a unifying role in the antiwar movement until his death in February 1967. Some pacifist groups, such as WILPF, leaned toward the liberal wing of the movement while others, such as WRL, pulled to the left. WRL International issued a statement in August 1968 declaring its intent to work with “our brothers and sisters in the various liberation movements” to “bring an end to colonialism and imperialism … but without yielding up our belief that the foundation of the future must be laid in the present, that a society without violence must begin with revolutionists who will not use violence.”